Americans who plan out their vacation are happier, healthier, more creative, and are better at avoiding burnout.
January 25 is National Plan For Vacation Day so we are asking departments/units to schedule time in a January staff meeting where everyone on the team takes out a calendar together and plans their time off for the year.....making vacation "happen" is a team effort!
With the unrelenting stress of the pandemic and its impact on work, feelings of burnout are on the rise. More than ever before, individuals are feeling exhausted, cynical, and less capable at work. A recent poll from job search site Indeed revealed that 52% of respondents are feeling burned out in 2021.
Excessive work without periods of recuperation and opportunities to engage in rewarding activities can lead to burnout or the development of mental health disorders. Our ability to respond to challenges, stay on task, and control our emotions and behaviors can be replenished with rest. We need the positive emotions we naturally feel from taking even brief vacations and engaging in fun and meaningful activities.
The Importance of Actively Encouraging Vacation
In a study conducted by the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) talent managers and human resource professionals overwhelmingly agree that fully utilizing vacation leave drives higher employee performance and productivity, boosts organizational morale, contributes to employee wellness and results in higher employee retention.
However, there is a critical disconnect:
- 65% of Americans say they either hear nothing, negative, or mixed messages about vacation.
- 80% report that they would be more likely to use more of their paid time off if their bosses encouraged them to do so.
When it comes to taking time off, the boss is the single-most important influencer—even more important than employees’ own families.
Benefits of Vacation
Vacation Increases Mindfulness
Going on vacation makes you feel more present and stimulated. “When we travel we are usually breaking our normal routine,” says Richard Davidson, professor of psychology and psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and founder of the Center for Healthy Minds. That means we can’t operate on autopilot. “That decreased familiarity is an opportunity for most people to be more fully present, to really wake up,”
Vacation Improves Heart Health
Taking regular vacations could help reduce the risk for metabolic syndrome—a cluster of health issues including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess belly fat and abnormal cholesterol levels. All of these symptoms raise the risk for heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. In one study, researchers found that those who vacationed more frequently were less likely to meet the criteria for a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome. Notably, the risk went down by a quarter with each additional vacation taken.
Vacation Time Reduces Stress
A study released by the American Psychological Association concluded that time off helps to reduce stress by removing people from the activities and environments that they associate with anxiety. Another scientific report highlights that spending at least 120 minutes a week in natural environments (such as parks, woodlands and beaches) is associated with good health and well-being.
Vacation Time Boosts Brainpower
Taking time off improves the capacity to learn. When your brain is completely relaxed, it consolidates knowledge and brainpower. The ‘aha’ moment comes when you’re in a relaxed state of mind, that's why you have your best ideas on a walk, in the shower or on vacation. Adam Galinsky, professor and chair of the management division at Columbia Business School, has conducted numerous studies drawing a link between travel and creativity. “Foreign experiences increase both cognitive flexibility and depth and integrativeness of thought, the ability to make deep connections between disparate forms,” Galinsky stated.
Vacation Time Improves Sleep
Restless nights are a common complaint—often stemming from the fact that we have too much on our minds. Researchers say that time off from work can help interrupt the habits that disrupt sleep, like working late into the night or checking your cell phone before bed.
On-site masseuse. Ping-pong tables. Nap pods. Free lunch. Free gym. Sponsored happy hours. The list of perks companies are introducing seems one of never-ending length and creativity. But one of the biggest perks a company can offer is already part of the benefits package. Paid vacation time is essential to employee recruitment, retention, engagement, and performance. Vacation ranks just behind healthcare plans as the most important benefit.
Tips to Optimize the Benefits of Vacation and Travel
- Being in nature boosts your immune function. Those who spend time around trees and plants have lower concentrations of cortisol, lower pulse rates, higher concentrations of disease fighting white blood cells and lower blood pressure. Check out Shinrin Yoko, or, the art of Japanese Forest Bathing
- Remaining plugged-in significantly diminishes the benefits of vacation. Find a coworker to entrust as a work emergency contact—a text contact perhaps (so you don’t have to go on email) so you know that chaos is not breaking loose in your absence, and everything else can wait or should be dealt with by others.
- Plan your vacation well in advance — you will be more likely to save money, actually take the trip, and relish the joy of planning and anticipation (although we recommend making sure you can cancel easily for now!). Additionally you can plan around busy times, plan for delegation of responsibilities, and share your vacation dreams with your coworkers. Research from positive psychology suggests that planning a future trip is a great strategy for beating the holiday and COVID blues.
- Favorite Travel Planning Tools:
- Sherpa: helps travelers understand travel restrictions and identification needs based on where they live and where they want to go.
- Rome2Rio: best travel planning tool for finding out how to get from one place to another, shows the options from planes to trains and buses to taxis, along with the estimated cost and time the trip will take.
- TravelInsurance.com allows you to compare various travel insurance options for US residents.
- How to Travel Like a Local: Handy NYT guide on Where to Go, How to Fit in, Where to Stay, How to Eat and Be Like a Local and How to Extend Your Stay
- Feeling the Holiday Blues Due to COVID? Plan a Future Trip! Psychology Today
- Motivations of Travel: (#1 Motivation is "Avoiding Burnout")
- 9 Surprising Benefits of Taking a Shorter Vacation
- How to Manage Your Team's Vacation Requests
- Study Shows That Taking a 20-minute Walk in Nature Is All You Need to Cut Stress
- Why You Need to Take a Vacation This Year, Even if You Don't Go Far VeryWellMind
- Introduction to Shinrin Yoku--3 minute video
Supervisor/Team Vacation Toolkit
- Read "The High Price of Silence: Analyzing the Business Implications of an Under-Vacationed Workforce"
- Read How to Manage Your Team's Vacation Requests
- Schedule a meeting, preferably on Plan For Vacation Day January 25 "Let's figure out how we can support each other’s needs for renewal and wellness and avoid anybody feeling resentful." If everyone feels that they’re solving the problems jointly as a team – and that the team will help ensure they get their time off, too – you’ll usually find people willing to step up to make things work.
- Review the UC policy for Absence from Work, vacation starts on page 12
- Let your staff know at least a week ahead of time and encourage them to:
- Check how much vacation time they have on UC Path.
- Examine busy work times and avoid planned leave during this time.
- Check school and work calendars of vacation partners.
- Look into specific places they want to visit and determine the best time of year to visit. A good place to start is this New York Times Travel Kit, "How to Find Yourself Someplace Else".
- Make a "Dream Board" (a dry erase board where people can write/draw their travel/vacation dreams (see an example in the toolkit below)
- Depending on your team size, either collect requests ahead of time or have your meeting with a big calendar and make a strategic plan together.
- Scheduling will likely not be made on one day — readdress as necessary.
This activity is a tangible and proactive way to manage your upcoming year and signal to your employees that their well-being is important to you. Supervisors and managers are encouraged to have a mindset that each member of your staff will be absent up to four weeks (generally) a year using their earned vacation and sick time. Making this reality part of your strategic plan will ensure coverage, increase efficiency and demonstrate that the well-being of your staff is important to you.
How to Take Vacation when the Idea Itself Stresses You Out
Prep Your Workload
The benefit of having a set vacation date is it provides that hard deadline that some of us find helpful in getting our work done. Many people don't like having work "hanging" while on vacation so use the opportunity to motivate yourself to tie up loose ends. Identify and strategize around your, or your unit's natural work cycle (the ebb and flow of workload based upon outside factors and business strategy) utilizing the time of year when deadlines and workload are not as demanding as other times. Plan as a team to ensure coverage.
Identify Your Backup
Consider which of your coworkers can best hold down the fort while you’re away. and ask if they’re willing to be your official backup contact. See this person as your "gatekeeper" who can identify things they can take over, identify situations where they ask others to be patient, or contact you as a last resort if there is something pressing that only you are able to manage from afar. Put your ability to "log off" in their hands and don't forget to return the favor. Vacation is a mutually beneficial endeavor for all team members..
Set An Effective Out of Office (OOO) Message
To feel more comfortable not checking your email, include this key information: the date you’ll return, whether you’ll have access to email (if possible, just say that you won’t!), and whom to contact in your absence. Make it fun by sharing where you’ll be and what you’ll be doing. If people can imagine you on a real vacation, they may be less likely to interrupt you. It also helps us normalize and cultivate the importance of taking vacations into our culture of well-being.
Prepare for a Positive Return
Before you leave for your time off, make a list of helpful notes and priorities for your first day back and consider strategizing a "soft" return by adding a day to your OOO message and working those priorities rather than reacting to whatever/whoever gets you first. At the very least, try to keep an open schedule with minimal meetings the day you return. Consider tacking an additional vacation day (or two if you suspect jet lag) on at the end to get your home-life in order (piles of laundry?) before heading physically and mentally to your accumulated work pile of responsibilities.
“It’s a funny thing about coming home. Looks the same, smells the same, feels the same. You realize what has changed is you.” -- F. Scott Fitzgerald